[1]李海平.比例原则在民法中适用的条件和路径——以民事审判实践为中心[J].法制与社会发展,2018,(05):163-179.
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比例原则在民法中适用的条件和路径——以民事审判实践为中心()
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法制与社会发展[ISSN:1006-6128/CN:22-1243/D]

卷:
期数:
2018年05期
页码:
163-179
栏目:
部门法哲学研究
出版日期:
2018-09-10

文章信息/Info

作者:
李海平
关键词:
比例原则民法社会权力
Keywords:
ProportionalityCivil LawSocial Power
摘要:
我国民事审判实践中存在的比例原则适用现象,印证了理论界主张比例原则在民法中适用的正当性和现实性。比例原则作为控制处于强势地位的主体过度行使权力的工具性原则本质,决定了其在民法中适用的有限性。主张比例原则系目的理性的凝练概括、属于事实判断、可化约为“成本—效益”分析方法是对比例原则的误读,由此推出比例原则在民法中全面适用的主张不能成立。从比例原则的本质出发,可将比例原则民法适用的条件概括为法定社会权力情形下适用和事实性社会权力情形下适用两种类型。比例原则的民法基本原则说夸大了比例原则对民法的意义,背离了比例原则精神。将比例原则作为民法基本原则的规范化手段,使其发挥具体化、精致化民法基本原则的功能,是比例原则民法适用的适当路径。
Abstract:
The practice of applying of proportionality in civil trial confirms the legitimacy and reality of the theoretical assertion that the proportionality is applicable to civil law.The principle of proportionality,as an instrumental principle to control the excessive exercise of power by the dominant subject,determines the limitation of its application in civil law.The assertions that proportionality is a judgment concerning the fact and can be regarded as an analysis of cost and benefit,are misunderstanding,and the conclusion that proportionality can be fully applicable in civil law is not convincing.In accordance with the nature of proportionality,the condition of application of proportionality in civil law can be divided into two types such as the application in case of statutory social power,and the application in case of factual social power.The theory of proportionality as fundamental principle of civil law,overstates the significance of the principle of proportionality to civil law,and deviates from the spirit of proportionality.Taking the principle of proportionality as the normative means of the basic principles of civil law,and making it play the role of concreting and refining the basic principles of civil law,is the appropriate way to apply the principle of proportionality to civil law.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*吉林大学法学院教授、博士生导师。
本文系教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“合宪性控制的理论与实践研究”(16JJD820006)的阶段性成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-09-10