[1]曹云吉.立案登记制下“当事人”的程序构造[J].法制与社会发展,2017,(05):129-147.
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立案登记制下“当事人”的程序构造
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法制与社会发展[ISSN:1006-6128/CN:22-1243/D]

卷:
期数:
2017年05期
页码:
129-147
栏目:
理论纵横
出版日期:
2017-09-10

文章信息/Info

作者:
曹云吉
通过对民事诉讼法、司法解释、司法案例中“当事人”的考察可以发现,当事人包含了“从形式当事人至正当当事人”多种类型。民事诉讼法第119条将正当当事人置于起诉受理阶段,导致上述多种当事人类型因审查程序的同一而被正当当事人所“掩盖”。在立案登记制下,应根据不同的程序功能将立案程序分为登记程序与审查受理程序。在此基础上,形成“形式当事人—登记程序”、“立案受理当事人—审查受理程序”、“正当当事人—实体审理程序”的制度和程序框架,将对当事人的审查划分为“形式当事人”、“立案受理当事人”、“正当当事人”三个层次,以达到平衡诉权保障与审判压力之目的。
Keywords:
Formal Parties Parties in the Reviewing and Accepting Procedure Proper Parties Registration System for the Docketing of Cases
摘要:
形式当事人;立案受理当事人;正当当事人;立案登记制
Abstract:
Through investigating the civil procedure laws, the judicial interpretation and the judicial cases, the parties in civil procedure include various types from the formal parties to the proper parties. The proper parties are reviewed in the suing and accepting procedure by Article 119 of the Civil Procedure Law, and thismeans that the other types above are covered by the proper parties because of the same reviewing procedure. Under the registration system for the docketing of cases, the instituting and accepting procedure should be divided into the registration procedure and the reviewing and accepting procedure according to different procedural functions. On this basis, the institution-procedure framework of “the formal parties - the registration procedure”, “the parties in the reviewing and accepting procedure - the reviewing and accepting procedure”and “the proper parties - the substantive trial procedure ”will be formed. In order to balance the protection of the right of action and the pressure of trial, the court’s reviewing of the parties will be classified as the reviewing of the formal parties, the reviewing of the parties in the reviewing and accepting procedure, and the reviewing of the proper parties .

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*天津大学法学院讲师。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01