[1]李平.传统中国审判机制的法理与道理——从刘锡彤断杨乃武小白菜案说起[J].法制与社会发展,2017,(04):135-151.
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传统中国审判机制的法理与道理——从刘锡彤断杨乃武小白菜案说起()
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法制与社会发展[ISSN:1006-6128/CN:22-1243/D]

卷:
期数:
2017年04期
页码:
135-151
栏目:
司法文明研究
出版日期:
2017-07-10

文章信息/Info

作者:
李平
关键词:
刘锡彤传统司法审判机制道理法理
Keywords:
Liu Xitong Traditional Chinese Judicature Judicial Procedure “Dao Li” “Fa Li” (“Reason of the Law”)
摘要:
余杭知县刘锡彤一反规矩守法之常态,对小白菜滥用刑讯而终致冤案。传统司法审判机制是其所以“反常”的原因之一,然不可因一错案即全盘否定此机制长久存续背后的合理性。传统审判机制可演绎为“背景观念→遭遇案件事实→预置判断→耦合机制→以法适‘理’”,质言之乃理一分殊的徵显,基础则在中国文化对“道”的坚守。此中主审者兼表道体分殊者、政权合法性宣示者和追寻自我成就的个体存在者三重角色,其质统于“道理”。法律规范本于“法理”,可为审判提供合法性与具体指引,然法理与事理、情理、伦理、物理等俱为道理分殊而为之统摄。传统审判融会诸分理以求合于道理,对化除今日司法实践中法、情、事理难以融洽之困颇有启发意义。
Abstract:
Liu Xitong, the magistrate of Yuhang county, tortured Hsiao-pai-ts’ai and eventually caused an injustice sentence. Traditional Chinese judicature mechanism is one of the reasons that lead to his abnormal behavior. However, we should not deny the reasonability of it, which persists for a long time, on the basis of one misjudged case. This mechanism can be interpreted as the following steps: background conception →facing with cases facts→presetting judgment→coupling mechanisms→ adjusting the law for “Li (Reason)”. In other words, it is a sign of “Li Yi Fen Shu” on the basis of the insistence with “Dao” in Chinese traditional culture. In this circumstance, a judge has a triple role in judicial procedure: the carrier of Dao, the representative of dynasty regime and the individual for self-accomplishment. All the above three belong to Dao. Legal norm is based on the “Fa Li” (“reason of the law”), which can provide legitimacy and guidance for judgment. And yet “Fa Li”, “Shi Li” (“innate laws of things”), “Qing Li” (“sense”), morality and physics behind things and so on are all manifestation of Dao; while the latter is the essence behind all the above items. The principle of traditional Chinese judicature mechanism is to reconcile all the manifestations of Dao in order to accommodate with it. Understanding this judicature mechanism will help us to solve the difficulties in current judicial practice.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*清华大学法学院讲师,清华大学仲英青年学者,历史学博士。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01