[1]艾佳慧.制度环境、诉讼策略与民事上诉率变迁 ——理论模型与初步检验[J].法制与社会发展,2017,(05):53-73.
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制度环境、诉讼策略与民事上诉率变迁 ——理论模型与初步检验()
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法制与社会发展[ISSN:1006-6128/CN:22-1243/D]

卷:
期数:
2017年05期
页码:
53-73
栏目:
司法文明
出版日期:
2017-09-10

文章信息/Info

作者:
艾佳慧
上诉是现代民事程序的基础性制度之一,民事上诉率则是测度上诉程序运行效果和司法服务质量(既包括初审法院的也包括上诉法院的)的重要指标。站在中国司法政策变迁和政法制度大背景下,可建构两个既相互独立又相互影响的上诉率变迁模型,即以初审判决质量为基础的“向后看”模型和以预期上诉收益为考量因素的“向前看”模型,再辅以诉讼当事人和上诉审法官之间的动态博弈以及我国独有的组织、审判管理视角,提炼出关于上诉率变迁的两个理论假设。数据检验的初步结论是,我们应重新审视第一审程序的诉权保障功能以及进一步构建上诉甄别和筛选机制。
Keywords:
Institutional Surroundings Litigation Strategy Transition Model of Civil Appeal-rate
摘要:
制度环境;诉讼策略;上诉率变迁模型
Abstract:
The appeal is one of basic institutions in modern civil procedure, and the civil appeal-rate is an important indicator to test the operation effect and the judicial service quality (including both the first trial and the trial on appeal) of the appeal procedure. Based on the transition of judicial policy and the system of politics and law in China, it is necessary to build two model of appeal-rate transition which is mutual independence and interaction, that is the “look behind” model based on the first trail judgment quality and the “look ahead” model based on the anticipated appeal benefits. Supplemented by the dynamic game between the litigant and the appeal judgeand the unique perspective of organization and trial management in China, we can extract the two theoretical hypotheses of the transition of civil appeal-rate. The initial conclusion of the data test is that we should re-examine the right of action protection function of the first trial procedure, and further constructthe mechanism of screening and selection for civil appeals.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*南京大学法学院副教授。
感谢最高法院的黄斌、马剑、李杰三位先生为本文提供了重要的省级数据和全国性分类数据,另外,本文的最终定稿受益于张维迎、王亚新、刘思达、贺欣、何海波、凌斌等师友提出的批评和建议,也受益于匿名审稿人富有建设性的修改意见,在此谨表谢忱。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01