[1]简 爱.一个标签理论的现实化进路:刑法谦抑性的司法适用[J].法制与社会发展,2017,(03):22-35.
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一个标签理论的现实化进路:刑法谦抑性的司法适用()
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法制与社会发展[ISSN:1006-6128/CN:22-1243/D]

卷:
期数:
2017年03期
页码:
22-35
栏目:
司法文明研究
出版日期:
2017-05-10

文章信息/Info

作者:
简 爱
关键词:
刑法谦抑性 刑法效益最大化 法益重要性 法益自我保护可能性
Keywords:
the Modesty and Restraint of Criminal Law the Maximum Benefit of Criminal Law the Importance of Legal Interest Self-protection Possibility of Legal Interest
摘要:
从限缩犯罪的良好初衷出发的刑法谦抑性理论正逐步被演绎成为缺乏操作性的“标签理论”。作为刑法理念的谦抑性,隐含于刑罚规范形成与适用的始终,指引着刑事立法与司法的内在操作,但不可直接作为裁判依据或者是解释规则。刑法谦抑理念体现的是对刑法效益最大化的追求,将谦抑理念更加规范、具体地引入解释方法之中可较好地发挥其理论价值。具体来说,谦抑性的介入程度与法益的重要性成反比,与法益的自我保护可能性成正比。通过对刑罚规范中核心法益的还原、具化,刑法谦抑性可以为限缩解释提供正当性的支持或者作为扩大解释的反思工具来检验刑法解释结论的妥当性,从而在解释论的立场上实现刑法谦抑理念的坚守。谦抑性的司法适用不仅应注意与有利于被告人原则的区分,还必须受到罪刑法定原则的制约。
Abstract:
The modesty and restraint of criminal law, on the original purpose of limiting and restricting the ambit of crime, is now gradually transformed into a “label theory” which lacks operability. As the idea of criminal law, the modesty and restraint principle is implied in the formation and application of criminal norms throughout, as well as guides the inner operation of legislation and judicial practice in criminal law, whereas it cannot be directly used as the basis of judgment or rules of legal interpretation. The modest and restraining principle embodies the pursuit of maximizing the benefits of the criminal law, therefore its theoretical value can be better realized by introducing it into interpretation in a more normative and concrete way. To be specific, the involvement degree of modest and restraining principle is inversely proportional to the importance of legal interest, but is directly proportional to the self-protection possibility of legal interest. Through the revivification and concretization of the core legal interest of criminal norms, the modesty and restraint of criminal law can provide justification for restrictive interpretation, and perform as a reflective instrument of expanding interpretation to examine the rationality of explanatory conclusions, thus the modest and restraining principle can be realized in the standpoint of interpretative theory. The judicial application of the modesty and restraint principle should not only be alert to the distinction between it and the principle of “the accused presumed innocent until proven guilty”, but also be submitted to the restriction of the principle “nullum crimen sine lege, nulla poena sin lege”.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*中国人民大学法学院博士研究生、东京大学法学政治学研究科外国人研究生。
本文系中国法学会青年项目“非法经营罪定罪量刑实证研究”(CLS(2015)Y05)、国家留学基金委高水平大学公派研究生项目(201606360169)的阶段性成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-05-10