[1]焦艳鹏*.自然资源的多元价值与国家所有的法律实现 ——对宪法第9条的体系性解读[J].法制与社会发展,2017,(01):128-141.
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自然资源的多元价值与国家所有的法律实现 ——对宪法第9条的体系性解读()
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法制与社会发展[ISSN:1006-6128/CN:22-1243/D]

卷:
期数:
2017年01期
页码:
128-141
栏目:
理论纵横
出版日期:
2017-01-10

文章信息/Info

作者:
焦艳鹏*
关键词:
自然资源国家所有全民所有国家义务法律义务生态价值宪法第9条
Keywords:
Natural Resources State Ownership Whole People Ownership State Obligation Legal Obligation Ecological Value Article 9 of the Constitution
摘要:
对自然资源“国家所有”的理解应有两个前提,即:第一,自然资源具有包括财产价值但又超越财产价值的多元价值;第二,宪法第9条对“国家所有”已进行了基本解释,即“国家所有,即全民所有”。自然资源国家所有的法律意蕴是指自然资源所具有的财产价值、生态价值、社会价值等全部价值应通过法律机制公平地惠及全民。从宪法上形式意义的“国家所有”到实质意义上的“全民所有”的实现需要国家承担相应的法律义务,宪法第9条第2款既是国家在自然资源领域承担相应义务的宪法依据,也是我国自然资源领域相关法律为政府在自然资源领域配置具体义务的法源。
Abstract:
In the understanding of “state ownership of natural resources” (SONR), there are two basic premises: firstly, natural resources have multiple values beyond property value; secondly, Article 9 of the Constitution has provided a authoritative explanation, that is, “state ownership means whole people ownership”. The legal implication of SONR is that, the multiple values of natural resources should be distributed fairly to every citizen. The realization of multiple values of natural resources is mainly based on multiple legal mechanisms: The economic value of natural resources needs market mechanism, the ecological value needs the mechanism of environmental law, and the social value needs the mechanism of administrative law and social law. From “state ownership” to “whole people ownership”, the obligations of state should be stressed: the obligation of fair guarantee in the exploitation and utilization of natural resources, the obligation of state protection on ecological value of natural resources, and the obligation of government to supply about social value of natural resources. Paragraph 2 of Article 9 of the Constitution is the constitutional foundation that state has the legal obligations in the field of natural resources.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
*重庆大学法学院教授,法学博士。
本文系国家社科基金重大项目“生态文明法律制度建设研究”(15ZD029)、中央高校基本科研业务经费面上项目“基于多元效能的环境行政执法与刑事司法衔接机制研究”(106112016 CDJSK 08 XK 18)的阶段性成果。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01