[1]熊谋林,廉怡然,杨文强.全球刑事无罪错案的实证研究(1900-2012)[J].法制与社会发展,2014,(02):31-57.
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全球刑事无罪错案的实证研究(1900-2012)()
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法制与社会发展[ISSN:1006-6128/CN:22-1243/D]

卷:
期数:
2014年02期
页码:
31-57
栏目:
司法文明研究
出版日期:
2014-03-10

文章信息/Info

文章编号:
1006-6128(2014)02-0031-27
作者:
熊谋林1廉怡然2杨文强3
(西南财经大学 法学院,四川 成都 611130)
关键词:
错误定罪全球普遍冤狱赔偿定罪率
分类号:
DF0
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
转型时期,中国最近20年的无罪判决率已下降至0.26%,高达99.74%的定罪率可能隐藏着无罪案件。本文利用两大数据库(Forejustice 和CWC)公布的5157个错罪案例,说明刑事无罪错案在全球的普遍性。从各国数据来看,英美国家似乎更多。研究发现,法治进步虽有助于发现错罪,但没有彻底阻止错罪发生,全球近30年的无罪错案呈上升趋势;美国错罪受害人平均被监禁1158年,错罪主要集中在杀人和性犯罪。研究指出,尽管有天价赔偿的少数案例,然而英美国家大量错罪赔偿无法律支持,美国971%的错罪受害者没有得到赔偿。中国1994年已出台国家赔偿法,并制定明确的赔偿标准。面对全球刑事错罪的普遍性,中国应勇于面对刑事错案,积极赔偿错罪受害人。

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2013-09-26
基金项目:司法部国家法治与法学理论研究项目“预防与纠错:全球刑事错罪对中国司法的启示”(13SFB3015)
作者简介:熊谋林(1983-),男,四川广安人,西南财经大学法学院讲师,四川省高校法治量化与信息工程重点实验室研究员,法学博士。廉怡然(1992-),女,陕西汉中人,西南财经大学法学院2011级本科生。杨文强(1992-),男,海南陵水人,西南财经大学法学院2011级本科生。初稿提交2013年“中国犯罪学高层论坛(第六届)”和中国社会学年会“犯罪与当代中国社会转型”分论坛讨论。感谢曹立群的修改意见,感谢冯锐、皮艺军、莫洪宪、张荆、徐前权、吴鹏森、梁德阔、石发勇鼓励并参与讨论。文章由熊谋林独立写作,廉怡然完成Center on Wrongful Convictionss的错罪案例整理及统计,杨文强负责收集最高人民法院报告数据。感谢评审专家审稿意见,文责由熊谋林承担。
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01